Joystream Handbook
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Nomination

Deciding who gets to be a validator.

Introduction

The Joystream blockchain is a PoS system, meaning that what actors are involved in validation, that is producing blocks and maintaining agreement over the canonical history of blocks as it is extended, is determined by how much stake is devoted to the candidacy of any prospective validator. Nominators are those native token holders who choose to be involved in the activity of voting for validation candidates, and they do so in return for a share of the validation rewards of this validator, and under the risk of loosing some of their funds if this validator misbehaves.

Nomination

Responsibilities

  • Select and monitor validator performance.

Requirements

  • Able to securely store keys
  • Hold sufficient amount of the native platform token to put at stake

Risks and Rewards

TODO: Martin

Selecting Validators

Nominator · Polkadot Wiki
How to Pick a validator

Meet Your Validators

Meet Your Validators
Joystream on Notion
Here is a list of validator identities

Guides

Configure Nominator on Chain

For the time being, we will only show how to do this with polkadot-js. This requires that you have your accounts stored in the app itself, or in the Polkadot{.js} extension.
We will add another option for doing this, using the joystream-cli and (optionally) signing offline, if you don't want to expose them on the internet.

With Polkadot-js

Go to polkadot-js, where you may have to set the correct endpoint to connect to.
Unless it says Joystream - joystream-node/7 (update for mainnet) in the top left corner, click on whatever it says, and select the Joystream network you want to connect to.
You need two keys for this, one to be the controller and one as the stash. The latter holds the stake and must sign at least once to "delegate" to the controller which is running the "day to day" operations.

Steps:

  1. 1.
    Go to the staking actions tab, and click the "+ Nominator" button in the top right corner.
  2. 2.
    Select a stash and controller account from the dropdown, set the "value bonded" as the amount you want to stake, and choose a "payment destination", then hit "next".
  3. 3.
    Select which candidates you want to nominate, and click "Bond & Nominate"
If you are preparing this for later, click the "+ Stash" button instead.

With joystream-cli

TODO

Being a Nominator

Assuming the transaction went through, you will now appear under the "waiting" tab here. That means you are in the queue for joining the validator set, but when (and whether) you actually join depends on the competition for getting a slot.
At all times, there is a limit to how many can become validators. What that number is set by the council. The current value can be found in the chain state -> "staking" -> "validatorCount".
Suppose that number is n, and that there are m validators that, towards the end of each era were already validating or joined the queue:
  • If n >= m, all will be elected
  • If n<m, the n validators with the highest total active stake will be elected for the upcoming era
Notes:
  • An era lasts ~6h (on mainnet, ~1h on the current testnet).
  • total active stake refers to the active stake for the validator itself, plus all of their nominators.

Transaction Rejected

There is a minimum threshold of funds required to stake as a validator. As you can get slashed, that means you can not "re-use" tokens that are staked for other "slashable" purposes, such as role stake.
That number can be found in the chain state -> "staking" -> "minValidatorBond". (In base value HAPI = 1*10^-10 JOY)
Another reason the transaction can be rejected is if the maximum number of bonded accounts have declared as validators. That number can be found in the chain state -> "staking" -> "maxValidatorsCount". How many there are currently can be found in the chain state -> "staking" -> "counterForValidators".
There are of course a limitless amount of other reasons the transaction could be rejected if you constructed it yourself in the cli.